IPHE Country Update: April 2017
Name: Katarzyna Drabicka
Contact Information: email@example.com
Covered Period: November 2016 - April 2017
New Policy Initiatives on Hydrogen and Fuel Cells (Read more)
In November 2016, the European Commission adopted the package of legislative proposals called Clean Energy for All Europeans that implements the EU energy and climate policy post 2020. This package is now being analysed by the European Parliament and the Council. All documents are available here: https://ec.europa.eu/energy/en/news/commission-proposes-new-rules-consumer-centred-clean-energy-transition
The following elements are relevant for FCH technologies:
- New Renewable Energy Directive (http://eur-lex.europa.eu/resource.html?uri=cellar:3eb9ae57-faa6-11e6-8a35-01aa75ed71a1.0007.02/DOC_1&format=PDF) defines how the EU will achieve the binding target of 27% of renewables in the EU energy mix by 2030. Particular focus is on measures that will drive uptake of Renewable Energy Sources (RES), including (advanced) biofuels, electricity, and electricity based fuels in the transport sector. It is therefore very relevant for market uptake of renewable H2 and Power-to-X.
- New Electricity Market Design Directive and Regulation (http://eur-lex.europa.eu/resource.html?uri=cellar:c7e47f46-faa4-11e6-8a35-01aa75ed71a1.0014.02/DOC_1&format=PDF; http://eur-lex.europa.eu/resource.html?uri=cellar:9b9d9035-fa9e-11e6-8a35-01aa75ed71a1.0012.02/DOC_1&format=PDF) aim at creating the conditions for integrating high shares of variable RES inter alia by enabling liquid and well-functioning short-term electricity markets. The focus is on cross-border integration, capacity mechanisms, better inclusion of various flexibility options, and empowering consumers. Electricity storage is addressed thoroughly (including the definition of energy storage), hence the importance for H2 and FC.
The Commission Staff Working Document on Electricity Storage (https://ec.europa.eu/energy/sites/ener/files/documents/swd2017_61_document_travail_service_part1_v6.pdf> has ample consideration of the role of H2 as storage medium, within not only the electricity system, but also its unique potential for ‘Sector Coupling’.
Integrated Strategic Energy Technology Plan (SET-Plan) (https://ec.europa.eu/energy/en/topics/technology-and-innovation/strategic-energy-technology-plan) Work continues on the 10 focus areas including preparation of implementation plans. There has been significant interest shown, mainly by the steel and chemical industry, in the use of electrolytic hydrogen under Action 6: Energy Efficiency and Competitiveness of Industry
Hydrogen and Fuel Cell R&D Update (Read more)
Study on "Early Business Cases for Power-to-Hydrogen in Europe" procured by the FCH 2 JU will be finalised by mid-2017. (NB: The focus of the study is on short-term (2017-2025) economic opportunities under the existing (or realistically anticipated) market conditions.)
Study on "Business models and financing arrangements for stationary fuel cells" is also almost complete. It focuses on defining concrete market entry strategies that can enable stakeholders to unlock the market opportunity for stationary fuel cells in Europe. Once completed, the outcomes of both studies will be shared with IPHE members.
International outreach for JRC-led harmonisation of test approaches for fuel cells for automotive applications: US-DoE involvement through national labs (LANL, NREL, ANL) together with industry (GM, Ford, Ballard) in the establishment of a harmonised test hardware.
2nd plenary meeting CEN-CENELEC TC6 Hydrogen Energy Systems (November 2016) decided on a distribution of work and work structure: (JRC liaison)
- WG 1: Terms and Definitions
- WG 2: Guarantees of Origin
- Ad hoc group 1: Safety – Use of Hydrogen in the Public Domain
- Ad hoc group 2: Interface Electrolyser to the e-grid
- Joint ad hoc group 3 (with CEN TC 234): Interface to the Gas Grid
CEN/TC 234 Workshop on hydrogen in natural gas (H2NG) took place on 29.03.17 (JRC liaison)
Demonstration and Deployments Update (Read more)
Three flagship projects of note under the umbrella of the FCH 2 JU are:
- large scale validation of fuel cell bus fleets (JIVE, http://www.fch.europa.eu/project/joint-initiative-hydrogen-vehicles-across-europe);
- demonstration of large-scale rapid response electrolysis to provide grid balancing services and to supply hydrogen markets in the steel industry via 6MW PEM electrolyser (H2Future; http://www.fch.europa.eu/project/hydrogen-meeting-future-needs-low-carbon-manufacturing-value-chains); and,
- demonstration of 4MW Pressurized Alkaline Electrolyser for Grid Balancing Services (Demo4Grid, http://www.fch.europa.eu/project/demonstration-4mw-pressurized-alkaline-electrolyser-grid-balancing-services)
All launched at the beginning of 2017.
Events and Solicitations (Read more)
The 2017 Call for Proposals of the FCH 2 JU was published in January 2017 (http://www.fch.europa.eu/page/call-2017). EUR 116 M are earmarked for financing 24 topics across transport, energy and cross-cutting pillars.
The FCH 2 JU in cooperation with Shift2Rail JTI will organise a workshop on FCH technologies in the rail sector on 15/05/2017 in Brussels. More information available here: http://www.fch.europa.eu/event/hydrogen-trains-real-alternative-electrification
The FCH 2 JU is organising a workshop on on Maritime and port applications in Valencia, Spain on 15-16/06/2017. More information can be found here: http://www.fch.europa.eu/event/workshop-maritime-and-port-applications
December 2016: JRC-ISO TC 197 Strategic Planning Meeting "H2@Market" with two topics: Multi-Fuel Stations and Power to Large Scale Hydrogen – a report is being prepared. There is an increasing global interest for multi-fuel stations
Investments: Government and Collaborative Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Funding (Read more)
The total budget of the FCH 2 JU for the period 2014-2020 is EUR 665 M, or on average EUR 95 M/year, covering R&I activities.
Beyond FCH 2 JU, other EU instruments such as TEN-T/CEF or H2020 (Energy Challenge, SME instrument etc.) do provide some ancillary financing. However, this financing is on competitive basis (where FCH have to compete with other technologies). As a result, we estimate the EU level funding for FCH technologies at some EUR 100 M/year on average in the 2014-2020 timeframe.
Regulations, Codes & Standards Update (Read more)
Data Table (Read more)
European Commission Hydrogen Program
High Level Group on Hydrogen and Fuel Cells
Cordis FP6 Service
Energy Research Europa
Energy Research/Technology Platform
hCIRCA (to download presentations and documents)
European Hydrogen Association
European Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technology Platform
Fuel Cell Europe
Reports & Publications
Member Statements (Read more) - Last updated November 2016
- European Commission Statement (PDF); 26th Steering Committee Meeting; Gwangju, Republic of Korea; November 1-4, 2016
- European Commission Statement (PDF 249KB); 25th Steering Committee Meeting; Berkeley, CA, USA; May 17-20, 2016
- European Commission Statement (PDF); 24th Steering Committee Meeting; Grenoble, France; 1-3 December 2015
- European Commission Statement (PDF); 23rd Steering Committee Meeting; Wuhan, China; 27-28 May 2015
- European Commission Statement (PDF 1.32MB); 22nd Steering Committee Meeting; Rome, Italy; 2-3 December 2014
- European Commission Statement (PDF 644KB); 21st Steering Committee Meeting; Oslo, Norway; 19-21 May 2014
- European Commission Statement (PDF 622KB); 20th Steering Committee Meeting; City of Fukuoka, Japan; 20-21 November 2013
- European Commission Statement(PDF 1008KB); 19th Steering Committee Meeting; London, United Kingdom; 23-24 May 2013
- European Commission Statement (PDF 245KB); 18th Steering Committee Meeting; Seville, Spain; 14 November 2012
- European Commission Statement (PDF 860KB); 17th Steering Committee Meeting; Cape Town, South Africa; 3-4 May 2012
- European Commission Statement (PDF 425KB); 14th Steering Committee Meeting; Shanghai, China; 21-22 September 2010
- European Union Presentation (PDF 1.73MB) Governmental Programs on E-Mobility; Ulm, Germany; 15 June 2010
- European Commisssion Statement (PDF 2.48MB); ILC/SC Joint Meeting; Washington, DC; 1-3 December 2009
- European Commission Statement (PDF 1.67MB); Steering Committee Meeting; Kyoto, Japan; 14-15 September 2005
- European Commission Statement (PDF 2.02MB); ILC Committee Meeting; Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; 25 March 2005
- European Commission Statement (PDF 177KB); Steering Committee Meeting; Paris, France; 26-28 January 2005
- European Commission Statement (PDF 301KB); Steering Committee Meeting; Beijing, China; 26-28 May 2004
- European Commission Statement (PDF 14KB); ILC Meeting; Reisensburg, Germany
- Ministerial Statement (PDF 145KB); IPHE Inaugural Ministerial Meeting; Washington, D.C.; 20 Nov 2003