IPHE Country Update: November 2016
New Policy Initiatives on Clean Technologies and Clean Energy (Read more)
By the end of 2016 there will be five hydrogen refuelling stations in Austria with uniform standards to meet expected market demand and fulfil the DIRECTIVE 2014/94/EU. So all important urban areas and the TEN-T corridors are provided. Austria has published the national strategic framework.
The National Strategic Framework for DIRECTIVE 2014/94/EU will be notified (11.18.2016) and send to the European Commission.
Hydrogen and Fuel Cell R&D Update (Read more)
Demonstration and Deployments Update (Read more)
A modular scalable and cost effective hydrogen supply infrastructure for industrial, automotive and mobile applications will be developed. Different customer applications will be considered. Therefore standardized modules like high pressure 350 bar electrolyser module, 700 bar single stage compressor module, a storage and dispenser module for both pressure levels will be developed and implemented. Furthermore, an existing battery-powered transport vehicle for municipal and urban applications (ELI) will be upgraded with a fuel cell range extender system (H2ELI) to enlarge range and minimize refuelling time. System integration into the existing vehicle will be done after testing and optimization at an innovative existing fuel cell system integration test bed. Finally the interaction of the modular infrastructure and fuel cell vehicles will be analysed for two different applications.
For further information, please see: http://www2.ffg.at/verkehr/projektpdf.php?id=1303&lang=en
FC REEV: Fuel Cell Range Extended Electric Vehicle
Magna Steyr’s drivable demonstrator – the FC REEV – shows how very long ranges can be achieved at zero emissions. The drive concept using a fuel-cell range-extender can be built into any vehicle. A compact-size car, for example, can cover 90 km in purely electric mode and 500 km in combined hybrid operation without recharging or refuelling – and without using fossil fuels. Magna Steyr built this drivable technology demonstrator as battery-driven electric vehicle with fuel-cell rangeextender and all-wheel drive.
The FC REEV combines the advantages of two different alternative drives: fast fueling and the high-energy density of hydrogen as well as the available infrastructure for electric charging. The demo vehicle thus offers zero emissions and higher ranges at one and the same time. Furthermore, an electric all-wheel system enables the FC REEV to drive purely on electric power as priority with a fully charged battery. If the charge level is reduced, the fuel-cell switches itself on to recharge the battery and thus to increase the absolute range.
For further information, please see: http://www.magna.com/capabilities/vehicle-engineering-contract-manufacturing/ innovation-technology/energy-storage-systems/fc-reev
Low range of current battery vehicles and therefore limited usability for many potential customers is a highly discussed topic and an important reason for the low market share of electrical vehicles. A consortium of two technology front running companies (AVL List GmbH and Plansee SE), two well-established academic institutes (TU Graz ICVT and IWT) together with a highly innovative small company (PhysTech Coating GmbH) and a global player in the automotive sector (Nissan Motors Limited) was built in order to find a novel way to solve range limitations. Based on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC) with a metallic support, research will start on the development of a system which can use hydrocarbon fuels (e.g. ethanol) directly for efficient electrical power generation. This system will be used to continuously recharge the vehicle battery pack for range extension (Range Extender) with an efficiency that is far beyond the typical efficiency of other range extender concepts.
For further information, please see: http://www2.ffg.at/verkehr/projektpdf.php?id=1301&lang=en
With fluctuating energy sources such as photovoltaics, there is only partial synchronization between production and consumption. The Fronius Energy Cell, which combined 165bar high pressure electrolysis and fuel cell into a device for the purpose of seasonal energy storage, has been developed, certified, produced as a prototype and installed. All hardware that is necessary to implement these autonomous domestic energy supply with renewable energy, has been fully constructed. Also unique in the world is the installation of the hydrogen-pressure accumulator as a buried underground tank. At present, the energy management for an automated plant operation will be developed and implemented to collect and analyse data from real operation.
For further information, please see: https://www.fronius.com/cps/rde/xbcr/SID-44BE887F-056C7A59/fronius_international/SE_TA_Fronius_The_energy_self_sufficient_family_home_of_the_future_DE_320593_snapshot.pdf
WIVA (“Wasserstoffinitiative Vorzeigeregion”) P&G – Flagship Region
Austria Power & Gas – is an Austrian investigative project to develop a proposal for an Austrian flagship region, where all aspects of a sustainable and decarbonized energy system based on hydrogen will be demonstrated, from the production of renewable electricity, its conversion to hydrogen via electrolysis, its storage, and distribution, to its application in traffic, industry, and households. By combining existing and new research projects, in reality and virtually, an internationally representative energy flagship region will be initiated by the consortium consisting of scientific partners as well as industrial partners representing Austrian’s leading companies in the hydrogen and power-to-gas segment.
Events and Solicitations (Read more)
- 11th A3PS-Conference - "Eco-Mobility 2016": 17-18 October, 2016
- TRA 2018: Transport Research Arena, Vienna, 16-19 April, 2018
Investments: Government and Collaborative Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Funding (Read more)
11 funded projects à 7,3 M€ Funding
4 FCH-projects funded with 3,0 M€
Call 2013/14 - topics:
13 funded projects à 6,2 M€ Funding
3 FCH-projects funded with 2,5 M€
Call 2014/15 - topics:
16 submitted projects à 12,0 M€ requested funding
20,7 M€ total budget
5 funded projects à 6,5 M€ Funding
9 submitted projects à 8,7 M€ requested funding
15,0 M€ total budget
3 FCH-projects funded with 5,1 M€
Federal Ministry of Transport, Innovation and Technology (bmvit)
Federal Ministry of Science, Research and Economics
Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, Environment and Water Management
Austrian Agency for Alternative Propulsion Systems
Member Statements (Read more) - Last updated November 2016
- Austrian Statement (PDF); 26th Steering Committee Meeting; Gwangju, Republic of Korea; 1-4 November 2016
- Austrian Statement (PDF 564KB); 24th Steering Committee Meeting; Grenoble, France; 1-3 December 2015
- Austrian Statement (PDF 1.14MB); 22nd Steering Committee Meeting; Rome, Italy; 2-3 December 2014
- Austrian Statement (PDF 939KB); 21st Steering Committee Meeting; Oslo, Norway; 19-21 May 2014
- Austrian Statement (PDF 799KB); 20th Steering Committee Meeting; City of Fukuoka, Japan; 20-21 November 2013
Involvement (Read more) - Last updated November 2013
The Austrian industry, universities and extramural research in the area of fuel cells and hydrogen have a high level of expertise in the engineering and manufacture of components and products in the following fields:
- hydrogen production
- hydrogen storage
- hydrogen in the combustion engine
- polymer electrolyte fuel cell
- solid oxide fuel cell as well as
- training, national and international networking
Besides Austrian companies and institutions are well known in the field of mobility applications, the expertise comprises also stationary applications.
In order to concentrate and to coordinate the Austrian knowledge and competence in the field of fuel cells and hydrogen the FCH Cluster Austria was initialized in 2012 and is coordinated by the Austrian Agency for Alternative Propulsion Systems (A3PS). The target of the Cluster is the successful implementation of emission free mobility and the storage of renewable energy. The activities of the cluster are based on three pillars R&D, Demonstration and energy, as the following picture shows.
Participating Austrian companies and institutions are:
In an effort to secure and increase the competitive strength of the Austrian automotive industry and to support the introduction of new, clean technologies to the market, the bmvit has developed the Austrian FTI Automotive Strategy in collaboration with the Austrian automotive industry in 2009. The strategy is focused on the existing strengths of the Austrian automotive (supply) industry, which include the development and production of conventional engine technologies, and the development of new strategic options for alternative drive systems.
In 2012 bmvit's National Implementation Plan for Electric Mobility was presented.
Both the FTI Automotive Strategy and the National Implementation Plan for Electric Mobility identified fuel cell and hydrogen technologies as important for clean and efficient transport for the future.
Therefore the bmvit offers a wide spectrum of funding programs and instruments to support the implementation of fuel cell and hydrogen technologies.
Canada’s program targets four areas area sustainable hydrogen production, hydrogen storage, fuel cells and safety, codes and standards.
Hydrogen’s value as an energy carrier stems from the wide base of primary energy sources which can be employed to produce it. These include both renewable sources such as hydro, wind, solar and biomass, and non-renewable sources such as natural gas, coal and nuclear energy.
Historically, Canada’s main thrust of past investments has been in hydrogen production via water electrolysis with special emphasis on systems for hydrogen production from wind. A considerable amount of R&D was carried out to address hydrogen production from low-value materials such as hydrogen sulphide and from coal or petroleum coke via the steam/iron process (a technology for centralized hydrogen production allowing easier carbon capture). Smaller program elements included purification and separation. Activities have steered away from technologies which are being developed extensively in other countries and for which there was not a unique Canadian capability. Recently, and going forward, Canada’s activities have focussed almost exclusively on electrolytic hydrogen production using PEM technology.
Hydrogen storage is a key enabling technology for the deployment of fuel cell technologies in stationary, portable, and transportation applications. The challenge for most end-uses is reversible, lower cost hydrogen storage systems with high volumetric and gravimetric hydrogen storage capacities. For transportation, the overarching technical challenge for hydrogen storage is how to store hydrogen on-board to meet performance (weight, volume, kinetics, etc.) safety and cost requirements and enable 300 +mile range, without compromising passenger/cargo space. Durability over the performance lifetime of these systems must also be verified and validated, and acceptable refueling times must be achieved.
Canada’s past investments have been in development of compressed, liquid and solid-state hydrogen storage systems.
Canada has been developing fuel cell technologies for transportation, stationary, and portable applications for over 30 years. For transportation, stationary power generation (e.g., energy systems, back-up power), and portable devices, the focus is on proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cells. For larger-scale energy generation, the focus is on the solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC), which can, in some cases, directly use natural gas or other hydrocarbons as fuels.
Codes, Standards and Safety
The successful global commercialization of hydrogen and fuel cells depends on internationally accepted codes and standards. These will help to increase the experience, knowledge and confidence of local, regional, and national officials in the use of hydrogen and fuel cell technologies, and facilitate the development of regulations. R&D supports the development of performance-based, rather than product-specific, codes and standards.
International collaboration in this area is essential. Canada has played a leading role as chair of the ISO Technical Committee 197 (Hydrogen Technologies) and as a strong contributor to the IEA Hydrogen Implementing Agreement Task 19. Task 19 participants have been working to identify the physical properties of hydrogen which impact the issue of safety.
Canada has also developed the Canadian Hydrogen Installation Code. Published by the Bureau de normalisation du Québec (BNQ) as a National Standard of Canada, the Canadian Hydrogen Installation Code (CHIC) [CAN/BNQ 1784-000] will help pave the way for a greater use of hydrogen as an energy carrier by guiding safe design and facilitating the approval process of hydrogen installations across Canada.
Research & Development (Read more) - Last updated November 2013
HYDROGEN RELATED NATIONAL FUNDING PROGRAMS AND INITIATIVES
A3 / A3plus - Alternative Propulsion Systems and Fuels
(bmvit / ffg) [2002 – 2011]
The Austrian impulse program A3plus is striving to make the transport of the future significantly more energy-efficient and more environmentally friendly by promoting research and development in the field of innovative propulsion technologies and alternative fuels.
Ground-breaking key innovations should trigger technological leaps paving the way to entirely new propulsion concepts with previously unachievable levels of consumption and emissions for surface transport.
NEW ENERGY 2020
(bmvit / KLIEN) [2008 – 2011]
The program has three fundamental objectives:
Efficient energy use
Intelligent energy systems
Ambitious ideas and concepts with long-term perspectives will be implemented through basic research and technological RTD and prepared for market introduction in pilot and demonstration plants. Funding will also be provided for marketable research and technology developments with high potential for the future.
Lighthouse Projects for Electric Mobility
(bmvit / KLIEN) [2008 - ]
Funding instrument of the bmvit to support the market introduction of new technologies through demonstration.
Optimization of electric vehicles and infrastructure under real life conditions through a close cooperation between developers and users
Preparation of the public for technological change
Mobility of the Future
(bmvit) [2012 – 2020]
The Research Program Future Mobility focuses on the search for integrated solutions designed to help build the mobility system of the future, a system that must balance social, environmental and economic needs. This integrated approach helps create systems that contribute significantly to ensuring mobility while minimizing the negative impacts of transport.
The complex interactions inherent in transport systems require interdisciplinary research approaches aimed at developing both technological and social-organizational innovations. Thus the program focuses on new markets, generating solutions that respond closely to the essential needs of society.
Programm Objectives and Thematic Fields
The mission-oriented program addresses strategic challenges in the areas of society, environment and economy by focusing on four themes.
The program supports system-oriented innovation in the fields of passenger and goods transport based on user needs. Complimenting these user-oriented themes the program also supports technical innovation in the fields of transport infrastructure and vehicle technology. This combination encourages development of synergistic solutions designed to address to-day's mobility challenges and helps create a sustainable future-oriented framework for mobility research.
Industrial processes and pilot-plants
(Ministry of Economy, Family and Youth)
The main focus of these programs is about renewable energy and climate topics. Especially the R&D in the production sector and the establishment of hydrogen related demonstration plants are major topics.
e!MISSION.at – Energy Mission Austria
(bmvit / KLIEN) [2012 - ]
The main focus of this program lies on topics like emerging technologies, energy-efficiency, renewable energy and energy-storage systems.
Demonstration & Deployment (Read more) - Last updated November 2013
The following table shows some examples of hydrogen related funded projects.
Production of biogenous hydrogen through algae cultivation
|ASysI||Development of a SOFC APU system|
BTL Diesel Reformer Development and SOFC Test
Development of a liquid-hydrogen refuelling system for buses
Foundation and components for cryogenic hydrogen pressure refuelling systems
|FCH Projects||Fuel Cell & Hydrogen Cluster Austria - Partner-specific project roadmap|
Highly efficient and low-emission hydrogen-ICE with cryogenic port injection
Fermentative hydrogen production from biogenous waste material and innovative recycling concepts to achieve fuel quality
Highly specialized hydrogen-ICE for fuel cell hybrid vehicles
Application of fuel cell vehicles with decentralized hydrogen infrastructure
Heat balande optimisation of hydrogen-solid storage systems manufactured from aluminium
Safe H2 Storage II
Safe and non-pressurized liquid storage system for hydrogen at normal temperature
Development and testing of 1000 bar high pressure compressor for hydrogen